- Ethics vs. morality
Regarding this week’s readings, I consider that first it is fruitful to make a distinction between ethics and morality. Even though the two concepts frequently overlap, according to my personal understanding, morality is something subjective, internal. Morals are related to values, known also as personally beliefs, which are very hard to change. Ethics, in my opinion, are related to the rules established in society viewed as societal norms. A clearer and more detailed definition of the two terms is available here.
On the other hand, the readings also made me think that ethics can be different from countries to countries, from societies to societies, from cultures to cultures. A simple example can be related to ways of greeting people which can be very different from countries to countries. I also believe it is essential to make a differentiation between ethics and law.
- Practical implications
In regards to the case studies overviewed this week, I consider that firing the photographer who altered that shot was the right thing to do. When it comes to ethics and policies clearly stated in any work field, I find that it is crucial to consider facts that have broken the norms and apply the rules equally. It does not matter the impact of the original versus the fake picture towards the public as long as the unethical practice has happened.
Ms. Smart’s example could be a severe case of falsification and should be severely penalized by the committee if found guilty. Such violation, if confirmed, could require in my opinion the removal of the degree. The committee should try to replicate the experiment to see if they achieve same results and should find as much evidence as possible, along with Ms. Smart’s position towards this issues. What makes this case so important is that Ms. Smart has a PhD degree and this allows her to work in the academic environment. A validation of guiltiness makes this situation unacceptable, while suspicions of similar facts have a solid argument. Ms. Smart needs to understand properly the ethical norms of conducting research since she most likely will be in the position to train other students and produce knowledge.
- Your thoughts?
Finally, I want to share with you a famous example of a picture taken by a photographer who was awarded with the Pulizer Price. This case raised high controversy among the public and lead to the photographer’s death. What is your opinion towards the ethical practices and implications in this case? Please leave your thoughts below.